Title: Government support, different types of collaborative R&D input, and performance: evidence from China
Authors: Hua Cheng; Zhiying Zhang; Joseph Martial Nkongo Mvondo
Addresses: School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Ecological Civilisation Research Centre of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310018, China ' School of Science, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310018, China ' School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
Abstract: University research institute industry collaboration (URIC) has been widely regarded as one of the contributors to successful innovation. Research on the effects of subsidies and tax incentives on universities research institute industries collaborative innovation has received wide attention. This empirical study analyses whether tax incentives and government R&D subsidies could promote the input and output of URIC using panel data of China from 2009 to 2015. The result shows that tax incentives and subsidies to universities, to research institutes, and to industries, have significant effect on the input and output of URIC. The effects on output in descending order are subsidies to universities, subsidies to research institutes, subsidies to enterprises, and tax incentives. There are differences between subsidies and tax incentives on R&D input and output.
Keywords: subsidies; tax incentives; university research institute industry collaboration; URIC; collaborative R&D input; China.
International Journal of Technology Management, 2022 Vol.88 No.1, pp.51 - 70
Accepted: 22 Jun 2021
Published online: 14 Mar 2022 *