Title: Biosynthesis of zinc sulphide nanoparticles using the residual of Ducrosia anethifolia

Authors: Reza Abolghasemi; Maryam Haghighi; Mousa Solgi

Addresses: Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Horticulture Science, Arak University, Arak, Iran

Abstract: Plant wastes, including the residues of medicinal plants, have recently become one of the significant environmental problems in some countries. Zinc sulphide nanoparticles with crystalline structure were synthesised well with the help of the green synthesis method by using the residues of medicinal plant moshgak (Ducrosia anethifolia). The N-H, -C-O, -C=O, sulphide (S2-), -C-H, and phenolic groups existing in Moshgak are responsible and involve in the stabilisation of Zn2+ and the formation of Zn-S bond. XRD patterns and SEM images verified the cubic structure of ZnS nanoparticles. The FTIR studies confirmed that -C-O, -C-N, -C-H, -N-H, -N-S and -S-O groups of Moshgak could bind to ZnS nanoparticles. The results of this work demonstrated the synthesis of zinc sulphide nanoparticles by using the wastes of Moshgak can be a good alternative for chemical synthesis methods.

Keywords: green synthesis; moshgak; nanoparticles; medicinal plant; Ducrosia anethifolia; zinc sulphide.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2021.10032104

International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2022 Vol.29 No.2, pp.196 - 207

Received: 15 Sep 2019
Accepted: 16 Feb 2020

Published online: 28 Feb 2022 *

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