Title: The politics of recognition in multi-ethnic regions of Ethiopia and its implication to land rights of 'non-titular' nationalities: evidences from Benishangul-Gumuz regional state

Authors: Ketemaw Muluye; Tewodros Abuhay; Belete Mehari

Addresses: University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia ' University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia ' University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia

Abstract: Ethiopia was restructured as an ethnic federal state in 1991 with the aim to ensure equality of ethnic groups. However, it is claimed that, multi-ethnic regions such as BGRS create hierarchy of ethnicities in exercising rights. The aim of this article is, thus, to examine the region's politics of recognition and its implication on the land rights of 'non-titular' nationalities in BGRS. Qualitative research approach with a case study research design was utilised. The data were collected through interview and document analysis. The finding revealed that Amharas' right of access to land and get compensation for land and properties confiscated by the government are found to be restricted. This is attributed, mainly, to the exclusionary politics of recognition that made some ethnic groups 'owners' and others 'non-owners'. This implies the need to reconsider the federation with an attention to the rights of 'non-owners' in multi-ethnic regional states of Ethiopia.

Keywords: Amhara; politics of identity; land right; ethnic federalism; politics of recognition; minorities; Benishangul-Gumuz; Ethiopia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPLAP.2022.10044082

International Journal of Public Law and Policy, 2022 Vol.8 No.1, pp.68 - 81

Received: 24 May 2020
Accepted: 30 Nov 2020

Published online: 24 Jan 2022 *

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