Title: Smart waste management paradigm in perspective of IoT and forecasting models

Authors: Mohd Anjum; Sana Shahab; Mohammad Sarosh Umar

Addresses: Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh – 202002, India ' Department of Business and Administration, College of Business Administration, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh – 11671, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ' Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh – 202002, India

Abstract: Municipal solid waste management has evolved as a major component of smart city services that encompasses a variety of tasks from household collection to final disposal/recycling. This paper critically discusses, firstly, mathematical and statistical aspect of solid waste management services in the direction of smart city development. Secondly, it proposes novel and intelligent waste management architecture through adoption of state-of-art internet of things (IoT) technologies. Mathematical and statistical aspect covers the comprehensive information of forecasting models. This paper classifies the models on the basis of influencing factors (socio-economic and demographic), planning period (short, medium and long) and ranking methods in order to foresee the amount of waste generated. Paper also emphasises on adoption of IoT technologies in proposed waste management architecture and a comprehensive and thorough survey of IoT technologies is also presented to explore their characteristics and applications in waste management system. Further, an intelligent waste management architecture is proposed for real-time monitoring of smart bin, collecting vehicle, dynamic scheduling, and route optimisation.

Keywords: municipal solid waste; MSW; smart bin; smart vehicle; work server; spatial technology; internet of things technologies; dynamic scheduling and routing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2022.10044737

International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2022 Vol.29 No.1, pp.34 - 79

Received: 19 Feb 2019
Accepted: 30 Dec 2019

Published online: 31 Jan 2022 *

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