Title: Does metacognition drive innovation? The case of entrepreneurial firms in Kenya

Authors: Ambrose K. Kemboi; Daniel Kipkirong Tarus

Addresses: Department of Management Science and Entrepreneurship, School of Business and Economics, Moi University, P.O. Box 3900, Eldoret, Kenya ' Department of Accounting and Finance, School of Business and Economics, Moi University, P.O. Box 3900-30100, Eldoret, Kenya

Abstract: The study tested whether metacognition drives innovativeness in small and medium size enterprises in Kenya. We sought to extend this line of cognitive research in developing economies by using data derived from small and medium sized enterprises, because the sector is a key pillar in the innovation process and economic growth. The study utilised a sample of 466 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) drawn from Kenya. Partial least square (PLS) Structural Equation Modelling was used to test the hypothesis. We found support for the hypothesised relationship, that metacognition drives innovativeness. Specifically, metacognitive experience and metacognitive awareness were found to have a positive and significant effect on innovativeness, while metacognitive knowledge was not found to have a significant relationship with innovativeness.

Keywords: entrepreneurs; metacognition; innovativeness; SMEs; small and medium enterprises; Kenya.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2021.10043306

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 2021 Vol.13 No.6, pp.549 - 567

Accepted: 14 Jan 2021
Published online: 19 Jan 2022 *

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