Title: Regulating the transport sharing economy and mobility applications in Jordan

Authors: Rana Imam

Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Jordan, Jordan

Abstract: Traditionally, customers had to buy products to access their usage. However, new business models have adopted the sharing economy concept. This innovative model gives a party the chance to offer their own under-utilised asset to another party who would willingly benefit from the service without needing to buy it. Governments are now responsible for regulating this new service industry, maintaining safety standards for consumers, guarding against tax evasion, and ensuring decent work conditions for employees in these sectors. This research focuses on the transport sharing economy scene in Jordan and explores how regulators could approach this issue with an unconventional perspective. The paper starts by describing the current situation in Jordan and presents three scenarios along with their ramifications in terms of regulators' interventions. The study describes 'best practices' from around the world. Recommendations are provided regarding the regulation of the two transportation network companies, Uber and Careem, in Jordan.

Keywords: sharing economy; mobility applications; taxi services; regulating innovative technology; transport policy; transportation network companies; Jordan.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIR.2022.120404

International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 2022 Vol.27 No.1, pp.101 - 120

Received: 25 Jul 2019
Accepted: 17 Jan 2020

Published online: 19 Jan 2022 *

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