Title: Exergetic performance analysis of high pressure air systems on ships

Authors: Asim Sinan Karakurt; Ibrahim Ozsari; Veysi Bashan

Addresses: Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: Energy consumption, efficiencies, and eco-friendly issues are among the most researched topics. One of the high-energy consumption systems on ships is high-pressure air-start systems. This study performs energy and exergy analyses to optimise the use of high pressure air system with respect to performance outputs. The study calculates the exergy destructions resulting from the power consumed by the main compressors and the improper use of air stored at high pressures. Additionally, the ECOP is used to compare different models with respect to the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics. The results from the analyses are as follows. The power consumptions are 1,530 kW, 1,283 kW, and 1,276 kW; the exergy destructions are 250 kW, 471 kW, and 450 kW; the ECOPs are 6.15, 2.72, and 2.84, respectively. The study presents the effects of sea water and ambient temperatures, and compressors' isentropic efficiencies on the power consumption, exergy destruction, and ECOP.

Keywords: ecological coefficient of performance; ECOP; air storage; exergy analysis; compressed air system.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2022.10043780

International Journal of Exergy, 2022 Vol.37 No.1, pp.74 - 86

Received: 22 Sep 2020
Accepted: 24 Feb 2021

Published online: 07 Jan 2022 *

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