Title: A review on life cycle analysis and environmental sustainability assessment of bio-fuel

Authors: Aluri Nishanth Kumar; A. Sujin Jose; Naganna Tadepalli; Vallem VenkataSudheer Babu; Sudhakar Uppalapati; S.P. Jani

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, India ' Department of Automobile Engineering, New Horizon College of Engineering, Bangalore, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management, Hyderabad, India

Abstract: Excessive energy use and energy demand leads to decrease in fossil fuel, and this is only for a limited time. Therefore, moving towards renewable energy-based technologies and resources is attractive considering the sustainability aspects. The main objectives of the research are to provide an overview of current sustainability studies of bio-fuel with life cycle analysis (LCA). Here, late review techniques are presented to combine the implications of indirect land use change in LCAs and models from the USA, Europe and France. One way to promote algae-based fuels are future fuels is to lead government-based policies that bring wastewater management with algae production. A comparison of emissions of generations I, II and III bio-fuels has been demonstrated, which demonstrates that the second generation bio-fuels produce lower emissions. The impact of bio-fuel feeds on land changes over a long period of time was estimated by Monte-Carlo simulations using the ILUC factor.

Keywords: bio-energy; ethanol; algae; feedstocks; bio-fuel; bio-diesel; gases; energy.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2022.10043630

International Journal of Global Warming, 2022 Vol.26 No.1, pp.74 - 103

Received: 06 Jan 2021
Accepted: 01 Apr 2021

Published online: 06 Jan 2022 *

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