Title: Is traditional rice reviving? An exploratory study in Kerala, India

Authors: Jayasree Krishnankutty; Rajesh K. Raju; Michael Blakeney; Kadambot H.M. Siddique

Addresses: Communication Centre, Kerala Agricultural University, Mannuthy, Kerala, 680656, India ' Communication Centre, Kerala Agricultural University, Mannuthy, Kerala, 680656, India ' Faculty of Law, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia ' The UWA Institute of Agriculture, The University of Western Australia, Perth WA 6001, Australia

Abstract: Traditional rice systems are holistic systems, resilient, eco-friendly and a key to nutrition security but unfortunately, in decline. Traditional cultivation that uses local rice varieties appears to withstand the impacts of climate change. Many agencies in rice producing countries are working towards the revival of traditional rice varieties. This study explored the traditional rice farming scenario in Kerala, India. We looked at the farmers who cultivated traditional rice varieties, their satisfaction levels and what factors will possibly lead to the sustainability of traditional rice cultivation. The study found some emerging types of new rice farmers who were more satisfied with traditional rice cultivation. Marketed surplus, education, area and institutional support were identified as the key factors that lead to successful farm enterprises. While there were positive indicators for the sustainability of traditional rice, how far they will endure in the future is unclear.

Keywords: traditional rice cultivation; Kerala; emerging farmers; factors; sustainability; India.

DOI: 10.1504/IJARGE.2021.119653

International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 2021 Vol.17 No.1, pp.15 - 37

Received: 07 Oct 2020
Accepted: 04 Mar 2021

Published online: 13 Dec 2021 *

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