Title: The determinants of tourism expenditure in Mexican households: applying a model of logistic regression

Authors: José Carlos González Núñez; Liliana Raquel Ruiz Fuentes; Hazael Cerón Monroy

Addresses: Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad Anáhuac México, Av. de las Torres 131 Col. Olivar de los Padres, Alcaldía Álvaro Obregón, Cp. 01780, Cdmx, México ' División de Negocios, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Chapultepec. Av. Observatorio 400 Col. 16 de septiembre, Alcaldía Miguel Hidalgo. Cp. 11810, Cdmx, México ' Universidad Anáhuac México and Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. Universidad Anáhuac 46, Col. Lomas Anáhuac, Huixquilucan, Estado de México. Cp. 52786, México

Abstract: Knowing the determinants that drive households' tourism expenditures is essential to develop policy for, and growth in, tourism activities. The central objective of this research is to identify the main variables that determine tourism expenditures and identify if these expenditures are differentiated by the type of household (rural or urban). Through a logistic regression model where the dependent binary variable was the expenses related to lodging, packages, and tours, the effects of three types of determinants were analysed: social, economic, and demographic. This model uses microeconomic data from the National Survey on Income and Household Expenditure, 2016 and 2018. The results indicate that rural households require less income for tourism expenditures; remittances have a greater influence on tourism expenditures in rural areas; and the level of education has a positive influence on spending (e.g., influencing the number of family members and the socioeconomic stratum).

Keywords: tourism expenditure; urban and rural; logit model; ENIGH; remittances; Mexican households.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTP.2021.119100

International Journal of Tourism Policy, 2021 Vol.11 No.4, pp.311 - 334

Received: 20 Jun 2020
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 13 Nov 2021 *

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