Title: A self-cooperative trust scheme against black hole attacks in vehicular ad hoc networks

Authors: E.A. Mary Anita; S. Lakshmi; J. Jenefa

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, CHRIST University, Bangalore, India ' AMET University, Chennai, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, CHRIST University, Bangalore, India

Abstract: The main objective of the Vehicular Adhoc NETwork (VANET) is to provide secure communications for the vehicles in the network without fixed infrastructures. It inherits all the properties of the MANET. Achieving reliable routing to avoid various routing attacks is the major concern in the vehicular network. Routing attacks degrade the performance of the network. Black hole attack is one of the routing attacks, which drops the data packets without forwarding them to the destination vehicle. Different routing schemes are proposed to provide security against these attacks, which still have security issues. Hence a new self-cooperative trust scheme is proposed in this paper, to detect single as well as collaborative black hole attackers in the network. Two processes: self-detection and cooperative detection, are used to detect attackers in the network. Results show that the proposed scheme has better performance in terms of throughput, PDR and delay.

Keywords: AODV; black hole attack; cooperative detection; self-detection; trust information; VANET; history records; trust information records; self-cooperative scheme.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWMC.2021.119066

International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2021 Vol.21 No.1, pp.59 - 65

Received: 24 Oct 2020
Accepted: 25 May 2021

Published online: 13 Nov 2021 *

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