Title: International aspects of the pork production value chain in the Czech Republic

Authors: Jaroslav Havlíček; Karel Šrédl; Helena Řezbová; Luboš Smutka; Ludmila Dömeová; Lucie Severová; Tomáš Šubrt; Roman Svoboda

Addresses: Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, Prague, 16500, Czech Republic

Abstract: This paper presents a time analysis of the prices of pork in the food value chain for five European countries from 2010 to 2018 with respect to the position of small farms in the European market. The data analysis has shown that there is a significant difference between the live weight of pig prices of German producers and other producers in the five selected European countries. An economic performance comparison of Czech and German pork processing plants (slaughterhouses) has revealed the existence of a strong oligopoly at the given level of the value chain, more so in Germany, and their economic ties to primary production companies. Retail chains selling their private pork brands can afford to market them for a cost that is up to 20% lower than the average price nationwide, which is beneficial for both businesses (higher sales) and consumers (lower price).

Keywords: live weight pig prices; oligopoly; pig; pig prices evolution; pork meat; pork neck; price; primary production; retail chain; slaughterhouse; time series modelling; value chain; Czech Republic.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVCM.2021.118290

International Journal of Value Chain Management, 2021 Vol.12 No.3, pp.241 - 266

Received: 19 Jun 2020
Accepted: 09 Nov 2020

Published online: 05 Oct 2021 *

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