Title: Blue Pacific, polluted ocean
Authors: Margaret Jolly
Addresses: School of Culture, History and Language, College of Asia and the Pacific, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2600, Australia
Abstract: In this essay, I explore a cruel paradox. Pacific nations are increasingly deploying the language of the Blue Pacific to stress their solidarity and sovereignty, especially in the face of climate change. This evocation of the connecting power of the ocean in regional and global fora engages the visions of scholars of Pacific ancestry starting with Epeli Hau'ofa's revisioning of Oceania as 'Our Sea of Islands' in 1993. It has proved a potent discourse, as witnessed in the Pacific Island Forum Leaders' meeting in Tuvalu in 2019. Yet Pacific people are simultaneously grappling with the legacy of colonialism and capitalism which has massively polluted their ocean - with plastic, nuclear contamination, and the warming and acidification of the ocean associated with climate change. The global inequalities and divisions created by a colonising capitalism and the burgeoning power and hubris of fossil-fuelled political economies are both cause and consequence of all three. This confluence of pollutants is also a crucial aspect of what Pacific peoples are seeking to redress through political leadership and diplomacy, claims of loss and damage, everyday practices of eschewing plastic and 'cleaning up' and through creative resistance in the arts.
Keywords: Pacific; ocean; pollution; plastic; nuclear testing; nuclear contamination; ocean warming; ocean acidification; climate change; sea level rise; Pacific Island Forum; Epeli Hau'ofa.
International Journal of Society Systems Science, 2021 Vol.13 No.3, pp.241 - 257
Received: 03 Jun 2020
Accepted: 07 Oct 2020
Published online: 23 Sep 2021 *