Title: Comparative study of FCS-MPC and PWM control techniques for autonomous four-leg VSI

Authors: Raef Aboelsaud; Alexander G. Garganeev; Ahmed Ibrahim

Addresses: Department of Electrical Power and Machines Engineering, Zagazig University, Egypt; Department of Energy and Power Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia ' Department of Energy and Power Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia ' Department of Electrical Power and Machines Engineering, Zagazig University, Egypt; Department of Energy and Power Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

Abstract: Finite control set model predictive control (FCS-MPC) is considered as a new control technique in the power electronics fields which do not require modulation stage. The absence of modulation stage results in operating under variable switching frequency which can affect the harmonic distortion of the output signal, the switching losses, filters design and so on. On the other hand, the linear controllers control the power converters with constant switching frequency by using modulators. In this paper, the overall performance of FCS-MPC is assessed by performing a comparative study with a linear controller based on scalar pulse width modulation (PWM). The control systems are applied on an autonomous four-leg voltage source inverter (VSI) with LC filter as part of an autonomous power supply system. The main purpose of the two control techniques is to control four-leg VSI to provide balanced load voltage with lower total harmonic distortion. The steady state performance of the two control techniques is tested under balanced, unbalanced, linear and nonlinear load conditions. Moreover, the effect of the load variations on the switching frequency of the FCS-MPC is discussed. Finally, the performances of the two control methods in tracking the reference voltage under transient conditions are analysed.

Keywords: comparative study; four-leg inverters; FCS-MPC; predictive control; scalar PWM; PID regulators; VSI; voltage harmonic distortion; unbalanced loads.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPELEC.2021.117064

International Journal of Power Electronics, 2021 Vol.14 No.2, pp.180 - 196

Received: 02 Oct 2018
Accepted: 03 Feb 2019

Published online: 13 Jul 2021 *

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