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Title: Research on early warning of rolling bearing wear failure based on empirical mode decomposition

Authors: Peng Wang; Di Li; Ningchao Zhang

Addresses: Department of Electronic Information Engineering, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an 710021, China ' Center for Project Management of Equipment Development, Department of PLA Army, Beijing, 10072, China ' Department of Electronic Information Engineering, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an 710021, China

Abstract: In order to solve the problems of low precision and long time-consuming of traditional methods, this paper designs a rolling bearing wear fault early warning method based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD). Based on the wear reason of rolling bearing, the acceleration sensor is used to collect its vibration signal, and the EMD algorithm is used to stabilise the signal to obtain multi-scale signal. Each multi-scale signal is decomposed into sub-band to get multi-scale sub-band signal, then the multi-scale sub-band sample entropy is obtained, and the optimisation function of local preserving projection algorithm is constructed to obtain the eigenvalue and eigenvector of wear failure fault, and finally the fault early warning is realised. The simulation results show that the signal denoising effect of this method is good, the early warning accuracy is always above 94%, and the average alarm time is close to 0.27 s.

Keywords: empirical mode decomposition; EMD; rolling bearing; wear failure; fault warning; local preserving projection algorithm.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMPT.2021.117036

International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, 2021 Vol.63 No.1/2, pp.72 - 85

Received: 23 Nov 2020
Accepted: 18 Jan 2021

Published online: 02 Aug 2021 *

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