Title: Quantum dot solar cell: an emerging nanomaterial-based device in the solar industry

Authors: Sweta Sharma; Md Soaib Khan; Yogesh Kumar; Rajeev Ranjan

Addresses: Department of Physics, Graduate School College for Women, Kolhan University, India ' Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, India ' Department of Physics, ARSD College, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110021, India ' Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur-831014, India

Abstract: The worldwide energy is on the cusp of monstrous alter, driven by an unquenchable request and an increasing mindfulness of the constrained supply and corrupting environment of fossil fuels. More intensive research has been conducted around the world to get different economical energy arrangements. Quantum dot manufactured sun powered cell is the innovation for long run, which can give required efficiency to run the solar industry facing with various challenges underneath silicon photovoltaic cell. Quantum dot cells are most flexible frame of renewable vitality since of its unique properties for producing power, warming as well as desalinating water. QD's have bandgaps which are flexible over a wide range of energy levels by changing the dot size. Semiconductor QDs, due to their quantum-based properties, give a modern pathway for controlling energy stream. In this manner, they have the tremendous potential to elevate the efficiency of solar photovoltaic cells. Herein, we have collectively summarised the advancements of quantum dot solar cell. We are foreseeing that this review will certainly help the researchers for more serious examination of investigations of the nanomaterial in various innovative ranges.

Keywords: quantum dot solar cells; QDSCs; semiconductor nanoparticle; QD; photovoltaic cell; bandgap.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNP.2021.116781

International Journal of Nanoparticles, 2021 Vol.13 No.2, pp.121 - 133

Received: 11 Aug 2020
Accepted: 14 Oct 2020

Published online: 02 Aug 2021 *

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