Title: Effects of computer-supported collaborative learning with scripting on students' collective efficacy in science

Authors: Hazel Joyce M. Ramirez; Sheryl Lyn C. Monterola

Addresses: University of the Philippines Rural High School, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines ' University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Abstract: Contextualised innovative approach is fast becoming a key instrument to enhance learning. One of the emerging innovations in education is computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) which is a computer-mediated approach that promotes knowledge construction and social interaction among learners. However, limited research has examined how the conjoined effects of CSCL and scripting activity, facilitated the development of collective efficacy, an essential skill that affects group motivation and performance. Ergo, this research investigated the effects CSCL with scripting activity on students' collective efficacy. This study involved three-group pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design. Data analysis through analysis of variance revealed that CSCL with scripting significantly improved students' collective efficacy, F(2, 114) = 2.877, p = .030. Additionally, the questions generated by the students were analysed. Particularly, CSCL with scripting stimulated intellectual discussion and more importantly promoted inclusivity in learning by providing avenues to understand diverse ideas. Furthermore, this study offered beneficial implications in education.

Keywords: computer-supported collaborative learning; CSCL; collective efficacy; scripting activity; student-generated questions; 21st century competencies.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2021.116572

International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 2021 Vol.30 No.1, pp.48 - 64

Received: 04 Apr 2020
Accepted: 25 Jul 2020

Published online: 29 Jun 2021 *

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