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Title: A movie recommendation model combining time information and probability matrix factorisation

Authors: Huali Pan; Jingbo Wang; Zhijun Zhang

Addresses: Business School, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, SD 250014, China ' Business School, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, SD 250014, China ' School of Computer Science and Technology, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan, SD 250101, China

Abstract: A deep analysis and discussion of matrix factorisation technologies are given in this paper taking into account the defects of traditional collaborative filtering recommendation algorithms. In addition, we provide an analysis of the effects of feature vector dimensions on the recommendation quality and efficiency of a probability matrix factorisation (PMF) algorithm. A PMF algorithm will lead to inaccurate recommendations if it does not consider possible dynamic changes in a user's interest over time. Accordingly, a TPMF model, a PMF algorithm integrated with time information, is proposed in this article. Its feasibility and effectiveness are empirically verified using movie recommendation datasets, and higher prediction accuracy is confirmed compared to existing recommendation algorithms.

Keywords: collaborative filtering; matrix factorisation; movie dataset; personalised recommendation; time information.

DOI: 10.1504/IJES.2021.116110

International Journal of Embedded Systems, 2021 Vol.14 No.3, pp.239 - 247

Received: 15 Jan 2020
Accepted: 06 Apr 2020

Published online: 12 Jul 2021 *

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