Title: Change in energy demand and CO2 emission in Turkey from the period 1981-1998 to the period 2007-2019

Authors: Murat Bulut

Addresses: Turksat Satellite Communication Cable TV and Operations Joints Stock Co., Konya Yolu 40. Km, Golbasi, Ankara 06830, Turkey

Abstract: Due to population increase and change in climate, energy demand and CO2 emissions have risen. This study investigated the effects of climate and population change on energy demand in Turkey between periods of 1981-1998 and 2007-2019. In addition, CO2 emissions based on heating and cooling degree-days were examined since CO2 release with increased energy consumption is a major environmental impact that can contribute to climate change. The results showed that total heating degree-days decreased by 11.21% and total cooling degree-days increased by 38.98% due to climate change. The total product of population heating and cooling degree-days were increased by 14.42% from 1981-1998 to 2007-2009. CO2 emissions from heating in 78 cities decreased, while CO2 emissions from cooling in 77 cities increased. Results can be useful for planning future energy consumption in buildings as the climate changes.

Keywords: heating degree-days; cooling degree-days; degree-days; combined energy demand; potential energy demand; climate change; energy consumption; person-cooling-degree-days; person-heating-degree-days; base temperature; CO2 emission.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2021.115914

International Journal of Global Warming, 2021 Vol.24 No.2, pp.181 - 206

Received: 17 Jun 2020
Accepted: 15 Dec 2020

Published online: 24 Jun 2021 *

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