Title: Exergy analysis of petrol engine accommodated nanoparticle in the lubricant system

Authors: Esam I. Jassim

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: An energy and exergy analysis of a four stroke spark ignition engine operated with nano-lubricant is experimentally investigated to assess the environment-engine energy interaction. The warm-up period and the influence of mixing nanoparticle with the lubricant on the exergy rate at various volume fractions VOF are also reported. It was observed that the engine warm-up period is dropped up to 40% when nano-lubricant is employed. The results also showed that presence of nanoparticles in the lubricant would double the exergy potential of the engine. Energy and exergy efficiency are both augmented when nano-copper is mixed with the lubricant.

Keywords: exergy; internal combustion engine; ICE; lubricant; nanoparticle; exergy destruction rate; availability; energy analysis; copper; heat dissipation; engine performance; engine exhaust; 4-stroke engine; coolant.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2021.10039089

International Journal of Exergy, 2021 Vol.35 No.3, pp.406 - 420

Received: 23 Dec 2019
Accepted: 23 Nov 2020

Published online: 05 Jul 2021 *

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