Title: Enabling and disenabling boundary conditions of export marketing assistance: an interdisciplinary framework

Authors: Anisur R. Faroque; Lasse Torkkeli; Hasan Mahmud; Olli Kuivalainen

Addresses: School of Business and Management, LUT University, Yliopistonkatu 34, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland ' Turku School of Economics, University of Turku, Rehtorinpellonkatu 3, 20500 Turku, Finland ' School of Engineering Science, LUT University, Yliopistonkatu 34, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland ' School of Business and Management, LUT University, Yliopistonkatu 34, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland

Abstract: Government-sponsored export marketing assistance programmes exert positive effects on the export performance of firms. However, the literature ignores the central concepts of international business (i.e., psychic distance and network), international marketing (i.e., export market orientation) and international entrepreneurship (i.e., international entrepreneurial orientation and prior international experience) when describing the use and effectiveness of export marketing assistance and its enabling and disenabling boundary conditions. This study develops an interdisciplinary framework for export marketing assistance for early internationalising small- and medium-sized enterprises by relating these pretermitted concepts. We suggest entrepreneurs' prior international experience determines their use of export marketing assistance, while psychic distance moderates this relationship favourably and network unfavourably. Export market orientation (EMO) strengthens the export marketing assistance-export performance relationship, while international entrepreneurial orientation (IEO) weakens the relationship. Policymakers and managers can use this model in ascertaining the optimal use of export marketing assistance.

Keywords: export marketing assistance; IEO; international entrepreneurial orientation; EMO; export market orientation; psychic distance; network; export performance; international entrepreneurship; international business; entrepreneurial experience.

DOI: 10.1504/JGBA.2021.10038892

Journal for Global Business Advancement, 2021 Vol.14 No.2, pp.263 - 283

Received: 07 Mar 2021
Accepted: 09 Mar 2021

Published online: 20 Jun 2021 *

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