Authors: Anniek Munters; Bart Wiegmans; Lóránt Tavasszy
Addresses: Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands ' Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands ' Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Abstract: Scientific research on dry port development often focuses on advanced economies and is mostly lacking for developing countries such as Ethiopia. This paper developed a new integrated framework with three pillars (social, environmental, economics) for dry port development and its applicability is tested for Modjo Dry Port (MDP) in Ethiopia. The results indicate that most stakeholders prefer more efficient operations either on the current terminal or on an increased size terminal. Furthermore, the 'labour component' is regarded as very important (high employment levels at the MDP terminal; approximately 1000) while in the scientific literature this is regarded as much less important. In Africa, employing people is important and reflects the desire to increase the labour force of MDP even further when expanding. This is remarkable as usually productivity growth results in a reduction in employees, especially given the already very high employment numbers for MDP. Finally, the relative equal importance of most sub-criteria results in a status quo where no decision is taken or the most optimal decision is not advocated.
Keywords: inland ports; sustainable dry ports; developing world; terminal design.
World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2021 Vol.10 No.2, pp.106 - 130
Received: 10 Jun 2020
Accepted: 09 Sep 2020
Published online: 25 May 2021 *