Title: Simulation with car-following model considering vehicle dynamic features

Authors: Xiaowei Hu; Xiaoyi Ma; Dieter Schramm

Addresses: Chair of Mechatronics, University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstrasse 1, Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, 47057, Germany ' Chair of Mechatronics, University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstrasse 1, Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, 47057, Germany ' Chair of Mechatronics, University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstrasse 1, Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, 47057, Germany

Abstract: Microscopic traffic simulation has been applied not only for traffic prediction but also in more and more research fields. The typical car-following models widely used in simulation always need massive traffic observation data. By mathematical abstraction from traffic data, some important characteristics of vehicles and drivers will be inevitably abandoned. In this article, a modelling method of car-following behaviour has been proposed, in which the dynamic features of different vehicles have been considered. As an example, an internal combustion engine vehicle model and electric vehicle model were implemented in the traffic simulation. The simulation results of using typical car-following models were also compared with the results using new model. From the result, the new model can display during simulation corresponding dynamic features. The internal combustion engine vehicle model also presented different dynamic characteristics from electric vehicle model, which caused a different simulation result.

Keywords: microscopic traffic simulation; car-following model; vehicle dynamics; simulation of urban mobility; SUMO; MATLAB; traffic flow modelling; vehicle modelling.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAMECHS.2021.115397

International Journal of Advanced Mechatronic Systems, 2021 Vol.9 No.1, pp.3 - 10

Received: 09 Oct 2019
Accepted: 06 Aug 2020

Published online: 21 May 2021 *

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