Title: Development of a smoke prediction model using numerical simulations

Authors: Nurud Suria Suhaimi; Abdullah Ibrahim; Sa'ari Mustapha; Nor Mariah Adam; Mohd Rafee Baharuddin

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia

Abstract: Conducting a full-scale fire test is the best way to acquire information regarding smoke and fire conditions for the purpose of fire safety protection and prevention installation. However, a full-scale fire experiment is expensive, time consuming and unrepeatable due to the unstable nature of fire. The main goal of this study was to develop a quantitative tool to analyse the smoke temperature in a stairway by utilising a fire dynamic simulator software. A result of this study provides mathematical correlation that could predict temperatures in adjacent vertical shafts used as a stairway which is useful in performance based design. The smoke temperature predicted using the developed model compared with numerical data showed errors less than 30% were considered satisfactory and the equation considered acceptable for this study.

Keywords: quantitative tool; smoke temperature; vertical shaft; fire dynamic simulator; FDS; mathematical correlation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCAET.2021.115350

International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2021 Vol.14 No.4, pp.477 - 492

Received: 23 Jan 2018
Accepted: 02 Aug 2018

Published online: 15 Apr 2021 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article