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Title: Integrated methods for analysing the causal factors in Australian maritime occupational accidents

Authors: Ludfi P. Bowo; Masao Furusho

Addresses: Graduate School of Maritime Sciences, Kobe University, 5-1-1 Fukaeminami-machi, Higashinada-ward, Kobe 658-0022, Japan ' Graduate School of Maritime Sciences, Kobe University, 5-1-1 Fukaeminami-machi, Higashinada-ward, Kobe 658-0022, Japan

Abstract: This study employs the human error assessment and reduction technique (HEART) and its error producing conditions relating to the 4M (man, machine, media, and management) method to analyse the causes of occupational accidents in Australia. It seeks to find the causes of occupational accidents, apply the HEART-4M method to occupational accidents, and redefine generic tasks (GTs) in a maritime work environment. It acquires data from the 2008-2017 Australia Transport Safety Bureau report on merchant ships and analyses 30 occupational accident data reports through HEART-4M. The results consist of the onboard working situation and its relation to a GT, error producing conditions, and human error probability calculations. The most common GT in these accidents was a simple task performed rapidly, routine tasks involving a relatively low level of skill, and complex tasks. Furthermore, most accidents occurred during the loading and unloading of cargo.

Keywords: human factors; management factors; machine factors; media factors; occupational accidents; HEART-4M method; maritime accidents; accident data report; generic task; human error probability; HEP.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHFE.2021.10036034

International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 2021 Vol.8 No.1, pp.22 - 43

Received: 05 Feb 2020
Accepted: 19 Oct 2020

Published online: 08 May 2021 *

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