Title: Proposing a model of influencing factors and influenced factors of open innovation in universities: a qualitative approach

Authors: Homayoun Ghaedi; Arash Shahin; Amir Reza Naghsh; Akbar Etebarian

Addresses: Department of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Management, Quality Management Research Group, University of Isfahan, Hezarjarib St., 81746-73441, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to propose a conceptual model of influencing and influenced factors of open innovation in universities. This study is typically qualitative based on thematic analysis. First, the contexts of books and journals and conference articles have been extracted to find the influencing factors and influenced factors of open innovation. Then, university managers and experts have reviewed the discovered components and confirmed/rejected them using Delphi technique. Findings indicated that the influencing factors of merging and acquisition, communication and interactions, research and development, management style, internal organisational factors, axial technology, knowledge management and organisational innovation have had the highest frequency. In addition, value creation, creating growth and change, financial benefits and competitive advantage have been introduced as the influenced factors; thereby a conceptual model of open innovation has been developed for universities.

Keywords: open innovation; influenced factors; influencing factors; qualitative research; thematic analysis; university.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIR.2020.10031518

International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 2021 Vol.25 No.1, pp.51 - 77

Received: 16 Mar 2019
Accepted: 10 Jul 2019

Published online: 14 May 2021 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article