Title: Energy-efficient load-balanced RPL routing protocol for internet of things networks

Authors: Ali Kadhum Idrees; Athraa J.H. Witwit

Addresses: Department of Computer Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq ' Department of Computer Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq

Abstract: This article proposed energy-efficient load-balanced RPL (EL-RPL) routing protocol for IoTs networks. In this protocol, a parent selection algorithm is proposed. It selects parent in parent list to be the next hop node toward destination node in networks based on an objective function that combines between the highest remaining energy and the total number of received packets by the parent. This can balance the load on all parents in the parents' list. Besides, the EL-RPL protocol improves DODAG construction by preventing DIO packets transmission to the nodes with the lower ranks. This will lead to save energy and hence enhance the networks' lifetime. Many experiments were performed using the OMNeT++ network simulator to evaluate the efficiency of EL-RPL routing protocol. In comparison with some existing protocol, the results ensure that the proposed EL-RPL protocol can efficiently save energy, decrease the control packets and improve the lifetime of the IoTs networks.

Keywords: internet of things; IoT; RPL routing protocol; network lifetime optimisation; energy load balancing; ELB; performance evaluation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJITST.2021.114930

International Journal of Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, 2021 Vol.11 No.3, pp.286 - 306

Received: 04 Nov 2019
Accepted: 19 Jan 2020

Published online: 12 May 2021 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article