Title: Usage of DTNs for low-cost IoT application in smart cities: performance evaluation of spray and wait routing protocol and its enhanced versions

Authors: Evjola Spaho

Addresses: Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Mother Teresa Square No.1, Tirana, Albania

Abstract: Delay Tolerant Networks (DTNs) can be used as a low-cost solution to implement different applications of Internet of Things (IoT) in a Smart City. An issue that needs to be solved when this approach is used is the efficient data transmission. In this paper, we create a DTN for Smart City, IoT application and enhanced the Binary Spray and Wait (B-S&W) routing protocol to improve delivery probability and average delay. We evaluate and compare the Binary Spray and Wait (B-S&W) routing protocol and our two enhanced versions of Spray and Wait (S&W-V1 and S&W-V2). The simulation results show that the proposed versions S&W-V1 and S&W-V2 improve the delivery probability and average latency.

Keywords: IoT; smart cities; delay tolerant networks; wireless sensor networks; routing protocols; spray and wait protocol.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGUC.2021.114816

International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing, 2021 Vol.12 No.2, pp.173 - 177

Received: 11 Oct 2019
Accepted: 29 Oct 2019

Published online: 30 Apr 2021 *

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