Title: Does health expenditure affect health outcomes? A cointegration based approach to the Indian healthcare system

Authors: Tariq Ahmad Lone; Zeba Sheereen; Javaid Ahmad Dar; Parveez Ahmad Lone

Addresses: Department of Economics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P., India ' Department of Economics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P., India ' Department of Economics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P., India ' Department of Educational Studies, Central University of Haryana, Mahendergarh, India

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to see whether the health expenditure (LHE) is going to have any influence on life expectancy (LLE) and on under-five mortality rates (LUM) in case of India. The data for these variables were taken for a period 1980-2018. To see the relationship among these variables we have used Johansen method of co-integration and VECM for knowing the direction of causality. To check the strength of causality, VDA and IMFs were used. A long-run causal relationship between health expenditure and health outcomes were observed showing both these variables got influenced by the health expenditure. This relationship was also found in the short run but is unidirectional. This relationship supports that better health expenditure leads to better health outcomes. Therefore, we suggest that if more health expenditure leads to better health outcomes, why shouldn't then health expenditure be enhanced to have better health outcomes?

Keywords: health expenditure; health outcome; cointegration; causality; unidirectional.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2021.114809

International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research, 2021 Vol.7 No.3, pp.227 - 240

Received: 24 Jan 2021
Accepted: 15 Mar 2021

Published online: 22 Apr 2021 *

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