Title: Implementation of liquefied natural gas as an alternative fuel technology using stochastic traffic: a case study for Morocco

Authors: Ali Gounni; Noureddine Rais; Mostafa Azzouzi Idrissi

Addresses: Laboratory of Computer and Modeling, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco ' Laboratory of Computer and Modeling, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco ' Laboratory of Computer and Modeling, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

Abstract: This paper examines the possibility of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by using liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an alternative fuel technology for light-duty vehicles. The survey uses a scenario-based traffic simulation approach by applying a simulation of microscopic traffic emissions. We have considered three scenarios: the first scenario, current and pessimistic, presents the case of absence of the intervention of the state and supposes 0% of liquefied natural gas and 100% of diesel; second scenario, optimistic, in case of partial intervention of the state and supposes 50% of liquefied natural gas and 50% of diesel; third scenario, optimistic, in the case of a total intervention of the state, which supposes 100% of LNG and 0% of diesel. SUMO includes two emission assessment models. Both models implement different classes of vehicle emissions. The first model is based on HBEFA v2.1 (a continuous reformulation of the HBEFA v2.1 emissions database). The second is PHEMLIGHT, a derivation of the original PHEM emission model. The results presented in this article are generated by using PHEMLIGHT.

Keywords: liquefied natural gas; LNG; greenhouse gas emissions; stochastic traffic; alternative fuels; compressed natural gas; CNG; Morocco.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMIS.2020.114774

International Journal of Multimedia Intelligence and Security, 2020 Vol.3 No.4, pp.321 - 336

Received: 06 Sep 2019
Accepted: 23 Feb 2020

Published online: 16 Apr 2021 *

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