You can view the full text of this article for free using the link below.

Title: Method for design and evaluation of ICE exhaust silencers

Authors: Ahmed Ahmedov; Nicholas Beavis; Nikolaos Kalantzis; Antonios Pezouvanis; David Rogers; Kambiz Ebrahimi

Addresses: Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK ' Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK ' Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK ' Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK ' Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK ' Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK

Abstract: The noise levels generated by an unmuffled engine exhaust system can be identified as the loudest vehicle noise source. The muffler or silencer is an essential component of the internal combustion engine exhaust system. Its main function is to reduce the exhaust-generated noise to an acceptably low level. Its design development is a complex process affecting the engine efficiency and thus fuel consumption, emissions and overall noise generation. This paper focuses on the design development of a muffler for a single-cylinder engine application. A 1D GT-Power model of a single valve engine was developed. Additionally, an analytical muffler preliminary design methodology was introduced. The methodology provides guidelines for muffler grade selection, sizing of different components, and calculation of backpressure as a function of the exhaust gas flow rate. Two custom mufflers design concepts were developed for the single-cylinder engine based on the introduced analytical methodology. Two commercial single-cylinder engine muffler designs available from Yanmar and Loncin were considered for the engine performance evaluation simulation. The presented combination of analytical and numerical modelling procedures can reduce the overall length of the muffler development stage by eliminating faulty design concepts and refining the muffler's performance parameters.

Keywords: acoustics simulation; analytical modelling; back pressure; exhaust system; GT-Power; muffler design.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPT.2021.114735

International Journal of Powertrains, 2021 Vol.10 No.1, pp.1 - 26

Received: 18 Nov 2019
Accepted: 20 May 2020

Published online: 19 Apr 2021 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Free access Comment on this article