Title: Exploring learning behaviour under an integrated mobile and web-based learning environment

Authors: Sze-Sing Lam; Samuel Ping-Man Choi; Chun-Yu Ng

Addresses: Lee Shau Kee School of Business and Administration, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China ' Lee Shau Kee School of Business and Administration, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China ' Lee Shau Kee School of Business and Administration, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Abstract: Mobile learning plays a paramount role in supporting e-learning and distance learning through enabling learners to carry out learning activities independent of time or space constraints. In designing and developing an integrated mobile and web-based learning environment to fulfil the ever-changing needs of learners, a good understanding of how they utilise such platforms in their learning is essential. This study investigated students' learning behaviour across the mobile and web-based platforms by examining how learning activities were mixed and matched on the platforms. Exploratory analysis and clustering technique were applied to gain holistic understanding of usage pattern and learning sequence from click stream data. Findings show that students used the mobile platform to supplement the web-based learning and self-regulated their learning across the mobile and web-based platforms leading to considerable differences in the learning behaviour on the platforms for different performing students. Strategies to improve self-efficacy of students in learning across mobile and web platforms are discussed.

Keywords: learning behaviour; mobile learning; web-based learning; multi-platform learning.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMLO.2021.114520

International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 2021 Vol.15 No.2, pp.130 - 148

Received: 07 Nov 2019
Accepted: 27 Apr 2020

Published online: 19 Mar 2021 *

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