Title: Low speed performance based standards for the Nordic countries

Authors: Fredrik Bruzelius; Sogol Kharrazi

Addresses: Department of Driver and vehicle, The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Gothenburg, SE-402 78, Sweden ' Department of Driver and vehicle, The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping, SE-581 95, Sweden

Abstract: Performance based standards (PBS) is an effective regulator policy which can address variation complexity in vehicle combinations. This paper investigates aspects of using computer simulation and mathematical models to assess the performance of vehicle combinations in low speed manoeuvring, and in particular roundabouts. A set of 22 vehicle combinations, including existing conventional heavy vehicles as well as prospective high capacity vehicles, is used to study the effects of turn angle and road surface conditions on the friction demand and swept path measures. Simulation results suggest that the friction demand measure is dependent on the available grip. This makes it hard to interpret and may not be suitable in the PBS framework. The swept path measure is relatively unaffected by friction levels, and can hence be calculated with simple and robust expressions not considering the road interaction. However, turn angle affects the swept path measure considerably, and should be addressed when designing the PBS scheme implementation into the legislations.

Keywords: low speed performance based standards; high capacity transport vehicles; friction demand; swept path; performance assessment.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHVS.2021.114414

International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 2021 Vol.28 No.1, pp.110 - 124

Received: 11 Jan 2018
Accepted: 01 Oct 2018

Published online: 17 Apr 2021 *

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