Title: Exploring the spatiotemporal characteristics of heating and cooling degree-day in China 1951-2016

Authors: Jing-Li Fan; Bin Zeng; Jia-Wei Hu; Yao Liu; Xian Zhang

Addresses: Center for Sustainable Development and Energy Policy Research (SDEP), School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing (CUMTB), Beijing 100083, China; State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China ' Center for Sustainable Development and Energy Policy Research (SDEP), School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing (CUMTB), Beijing 100083, China ' Center for Sustainable Development and Energy Policy Research (SDEP), School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing (CUMTB), Beijing 100083, China ' School of Applied Economics, Renmin University of China, 100872, Beijing, China ' The Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21 (ACCA21), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Beijing 100038, China

Abstract: As the climate change aggravates, it's important for China's energy planning and management to consider energy demand for space heating and cooling. Based on the daily average temperature data of 835 meteorological stations nationwide from 1951 to 2016, the temporal and spatial characteristics of heating degree-day (HDD) and cooling degree-day (CDD) in China were examined. The results showed: 1) the annual average temperature was negatively correlated with the annual average HDD and positively correlated with the annual average CDD; 2) after the 1980s, the national HDD decreased significantly and the CDD increased significantly; 3) HDD saw a downward trend in all regions, with the fastest decline in North China and the slowest in South China. CDD in all regions showed an increasing trend, with the fastest rise in South China and the slowest in the Northeast; 4) HDD decreased from north to south with the CDD showing the inverse pattern.

Keywords: climate change; cooling degree-day; CDD; energy demand; heating degree-day; HDD; China.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGW.2021.114346

International Journal of Global Warming, 2021 Vol.23 No.4, pp.415 - 428

Received: 23 Mar 2020
Accepted: 29 Aug 2020

Published online: 12 Apr 2021 *

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