Title: Making public policy implementable: the experience of the National Health Insurance Scheme of Ghana
Authors: Daniel Dramani Kipo-Sunyehzi
Addresses: Legon Centre for International Affairs and Diplomacy, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 25, Legon, Accra, Ghana
Abstract: The article looks at the relationship between policy design and implementation. It addresses the main question: what factors make public policy implementable? It assesses how policy design affect implementation with empirical evidence on the implementation of the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Ghana. Winter's heuristic integrated implementation model serves as the theoretical/analytical framework. It utilises qualitative research with positivist tradition in which data is obtained from multiple sources including in-depth interviews, focus groups discussions, documentation and on-site direct observations. It identifies some policy design factors that facilitated the implementation process of the NHIS (success) and those that impeded the implementation process of NHIS (failure). Evidence shows that the involvement of both public and private sectors increased beneficiaries' access to healthcare services. It identifies policy design process as shrouded in secrecy, less policy actors' inputs at formulation stage. It recommends design process should be open and with fewer clearance points.
Keywords: public policy; policy design; implementation; integrated implementation model; health facilities; National Health Insurance Scheme; NHIS; Ghana.
International Journal of Public Policy, 2020 Vol.15 No.5/6, pp.451 - 469
Accepted: 05 Nov 2020
Published online: 12 Mar 2021 *