Title: Combining on-foot porters with vans for last-mile parcel deliveries: results of a study in central London

Authors: Julian Allen; Maja Piecyk; Marzena Piotrowska; Tom Cherrett; Fraser McLeod; Andrew Oakey; Oliver Bates; Adrian Friday; Kostas Cheliotis; Sarah Wise; Tolga Bektas

Addresses: School of Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster, London, NW1 5LS, UK ' School of Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster, London, NW1 5LS, UK ' School of Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster, London, NW1 5LS, UK ' Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK ' Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK ' Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK ' School of Computing and Communications, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4WA, UK ' School of Computing and Communications, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4WA, UK ' Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK ' Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK ' Management School, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZH, UK

Abstract: Parcel delivery operations in central London currently involve drivers using vans which are parked at the kerbside for up to 60% of the round time while drivers make deliveries on-foot to consignees, walking up to 10 km per day. A trial was carried out in which deliveries were made by on-foot porters using wheeled bags supplied by van. Results of this trial and additional analysis of its wider implementation across central London indicate that parcel portering could result in reductions in vehicle parking time at kerbside (of 50-65%), and vehicle driving time and distance travelled (of 25-35%) compared to current operations. Such outcomes would result in improvements in greenhouse gas emissions and local air quality. Related planning considerations for public policy makers including reviewing vehicle kerbside stopping regulations to encourage portering, and the provision of land for secure storage facilities for porter's bags are identified and discussed.

Keywords: urban freight; last-mile deliveries; on-foot porters; parcels; central London; planning; sustainability.

DOI: 10.1504/WRITR.2021.113491

World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2021 Vol.10 No.1, pp.65 - 85

Accepted: 29 May 2020
Published online: 27 Feb 2021 *

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