Title: Gender and paternalistic leadership in a Chinese cultural context, a critical review, and future research trajectories
Authors: Martin Sposato
Addresses: Middlesex University, Dubai Knowledge Village, Block 17, Dubai, UAE
Abstract: This article critically reviews paternalistic leadership in Chinese cultural societies. This paper highlights the omission of gender elements in the conceptualisation, consequently leading to a male bias understanding of leadership in a Chinese cultural context. A critical review of the literature is presented, based on historical developments of the indigenous Chinese model of paternalistic leadership, a conceptualisation with roots in Confucian doctrine, and on the traditional gender roles in society but that ultimately does not account for social changes. This review summarises the main contributions to the literature and its findings, critically analysing its limitations. Research trajectories are suggested as a way to further research on paternalistic leadership, most notable being the gender bias problems that the paternalism has and its need for a modern update. A post-colonial feminist approach is suggested as a complement for the limitations of paternalistic leadership, as well as for its contextualisation in non-western societies.
Keywords: paternalistic leadership; China; leadership; post-colonial feminism; female leadership.
International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2021 Vol.27 No.3, pp.438 - 449
Received: 26 Nov 2018
Accepted: 04 Jan 2019
Published online: 15 Feb 2021 *