Title: Technical analysis for implementing BS-VI automotive emissions norms with respect to electric vehicle production by 2020 in India

Authors: Devendra Vashist; Farhan Mukhtar

Addresses: Automobile Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad, Haryana, 121006, India ' Automobile Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad, Haryana, 121006, India

Abstract: Automotive pollutants include CO, NOx, HC, PM (mostly soot) & SOx. India has decided to implement BS-VI norms by April 2020. Auto sector is also likely to switch towards electric mobility. In this research a comparative study in terms of financial and social-economic is made between challenges to be faced by auto sector shifting toward electric mobility and making BS VI compliant vehicles. For the analysis the e2o Plus of Mahindra & Mahindra and the Alto 800 LXI of Maruti Suzuki which are similar in size and volume, but powered by two different sources were chosen. It was observed that shorter mileage, frequent battery recharging, frequent maintenance and least charging infrastructure are areas which have to be addressed by auto industry for commercial viability. Lithium ion battery is least suitable and sodium ion battery is under research trials. This research recommends a hybrid model to be adopted before switching to electric mobility.

Keywords: electric vehicles; BS VI norms; emissions; lithium-ion battery; sodium ion battery; LEFIS; lean electronic fuel injection system; exhaust gas re-circulation; selective catalytic reduction; diesel particulate filter.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2020.113083

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2020 Vol.12 No.4, pp.304 - 314

Received: 16 Nov 2019
Accepted: 23 Jan 2020

Published online: 28 Jan 2021 *

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