Authors: Grace C-W. Ting; Bok-Min Goi; Sze-Wei Lee
Addresses: Lee Kong Chian Faculty of Engineering and Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), Jalan Sungai Long, 43000 Selangor, Malaysia ' Lee Kong Chian Faculty of Engineering and Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), Jalan Sungai Long, 43000 Selangor, Malaysia ' Tunku Abdul Rahman University College (TARC), Kampus Utama, Jalan Genting Kelang, 53300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abstract: The H.264 standard is widely deployed for high-quality consumer video recording, storage and sharing applications such as Blu-ray DVD and streaming HD video on the internet including YouTube. In current times, since videos are easily shared live on social media and messaging mobile apps, users need the ability to determine the ownership of these videos against being illegally distributed without proper acknowledgements to the owners, and to take actions against those who spread false videos that trigger viral fake news. Robust watermarking schemes are popularly applied techniques to solve these problems. These types of schemes are required to achieve robustness against modification attacks on the embedded watermark. In this paper, we present the design of a new robust watermarking scheme for these purposes, namely that achieves robustness against common modification attacks aiming to change the watermarks embedded by the owner, and it is furthermore resilient to transcoding. The latter property ensures that the embedded watermark remains detectable despite having undergone the common video processing operation of transcoding.
Keywords: security; robust; transcoding resilience; watermarking; attacks; design; HD video.
International Journal of Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, 2021 Vol.11 No.1, pp.59 - 74
Received: 12 Sep 2018
Accepted: 14 May 2019
Published online: 08 Feb 2021 *