Title: Hardware design methodology of multilayer feedforward neural network for spectrum sensing in cognitive radio

Authors: Swagata Roy Chatterjee; Jayanta Chowdhury; Supriya Dhabal; Mohuya Chakraborty

Addresses: Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India ' Department of Information Technology, Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Abstract: This paper aims to design a simple hardware architecture of Multilayer Feedforward Neural Network (MFNN) and verify its performance in the detection of vacant/busy state of channels. A single neuron with tansigmoid activation function is proposed utilising the rule of matrix multiplication for simplification in computation. The proposed hardware module of the single neuron, utilising parallel processing, is assembled to obtain the architecture of desired MFNN. The area optimised hardware architecture of MFNN is achieved by reutilising the hardware resources. The hardware module of the single neuron is compared with the allied design methods which exhibits its outperformance in terms of mean square error and accuracy over the existing ones. The proposed optimised MFNN provides almost 62% reduction in hardware resources as compared with standard non-optimised MFNN. Further, the performance analyses of proposed hardware architectures demonstrate almost 90% accuracy in the detection of both vacant and busy states of channels.

Keywords: cognitive radio; hardware architecture; multilayer feedforward neural network; vacant band detection; spectrum sensing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWMC.2020.112546

International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2020 Vol.19 No.4, pp.340 - 351

Received: 13 Sep 2019
Accepted: 22 Aug 2020

Published online: 06 Jan 2021 *

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