Title: Effect of nanometric and micronic particles size on physical and electrical properties of graphite thick film

Authors: Farah Nabilah Shafiee; Mohd Nizar Hamidon; Mohd Haniff Wahid; Abdul Halim Shaari; Mehmet Ertugrul; Nor Hapishah Abdullah; Mohd Asnawi Mohd Kusaimi; Muhammad Syazwan Mustaffa; Intan Helina Hasan; Idza Riati Ibrahim

Addresses: Functional Devices Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Functional Devices Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electric and Electronics, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey ' Functional Devices Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Functional Devices Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Functional Devices Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Material Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract: Precise control and design of the microstructure of active layers in thick films is essential as it has a profound impact on the overall thick film properties. This includes the particle size effect of the starting material which forms the active layer of the thick film. Given the fact that nanosized particles have distinct properties from their bulk counterpart, the effect of the size of graphite starting material towards the formation of thick film graphite and its properties is worthwhile studying. Herein, we report on the study of effect of different particle size of graphite starting material towards the thermal stability and rheological properties of nanographite and micrographite thick film paste, and electrical conductivity of graphite thick film. Graphite starting material with the average particle size of <20 μm was used as source of micron size particles while the same material was milled for 6 h to generate nanosized particles in the range from 13.3 mm to 116.5 nm. Organic binder solution comprising linseed oil, m-xylene and α-terpineol was mixed with the nano and micron-sized particles of graphite powder respectively at 40°C for 24 h. Thermal analysis results showed that thick film paste obtained from nanosized graphite starting material (A) decomposed at lower temperature than the paste prepared from micron-sized graphite starting material (B). Both graphite paste samples with different particle size were printed onto alumina substrates using tape casting method followed by subsequent heating at 300°C and 350°C. Viscosity measurements revealed that the viscosity of paste obtained from nanosized graphite was significantly higher than the paste obtained from micron-sized graphite. The electrical resistance of thick film obtained from micron-sized graphite was lower than the resistance of thick film obtained from nanosized graphite, suggesting that the defects introduced to the particles from the milling process could have impeded the movement of electrons. In addition, the tendency of nanosized particles to react with other molecules, namely oxygen is much greater due to increased surface area, which in turn has also contributed to the higher value of electrical resistance.

Keywords: nanographite thick film; linseed oil; conductive thick film; polymer thick film; particle size.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2020.112385

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2020 Vol.17 No.11/12, pp.825 - 839

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 02 Jan 2021 *

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