Title: Impact of education and training on adults' entrepreneurial mindset: a comparison among MENA countries
Authors: Mustapha Benouadni; Najlaa El Cati
Addresses: Actuary, Financial Criminality and International Migration Research Laboratory, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Km 8, route d'El Jadida, B.P. 8110, Oasis, Casablanca, Morocco ' Entrepreneurship and Organisational Management Research Laboratory, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Km 8, route d'El Jadida, B.P. 8110, Oasis, Casablanca, Morocco
Abstract: The entrepreneurial mindset is known as a state of mind that pushes people into pursuing their entrepreneurial endeavours (Reed and Stoltz, 2011). The aim of this study is to understand the impact of education and training, as well as culture, on adults' entrepreneurial mindset (self-efficacy, fear of failure and perceived opportunities) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries. In order to do this, we used a unique global entrepreneurship monitor (GEM) dataset. The sample represents 157,340 adult respondents from 17 MENA countries. We examined our hypotheses via a linear regression and linear hierarchical models. In a large part, our results indicate that training shapes individual entrepreneurial mindset more than education, and the training received later in people's lives have more positive influence than the one received during their schooldays. In addition, national entrepreneurial culture positively influences people's entrepreneurial mindset in the MENA region.
Keywords: entrepreneurial mindset; education; training; national conditions; Middle East and North Africa; MENA; global entrepreneurship monitor; GEM.
MENA Journal of Cross-Cultural Management, 2020 Vol.1 No.1, pp.80 - 100
Received: 10 Jun 2019
Accepted: 06 Feb 2020
Published online: 05 Jan 2021 *