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Title: Employees' entrepreneurial work shaped by human capital and shaping entrepreneurial intention: Spain, Denmark, Middle East and North Africa

Authors: Asmaa Dahalla; Abderrahim Barakat; Sanaa Haouata; Peter Theis Nordenbøge

Addresses: Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco ' Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco ' Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco ' University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark

Abstract: The interest of specialists in the entrepreneurial intent determinants study is that it has gradually emerged as a predictor of effective entrepreneurship. For this reason, this article seeks to understand the links between employees' human capital and their entrepreneurial intent through entrepreneurial work that would generate the desire to create a business in them. Our paper uses a linear hierarchical modelling based on a large sample of 58,664 employees aged 18 through 64 from 15 countries, made up of the GEM Adult Population Survey. Comparison between MENA region countries, Spain and Denmark highlights the overriding role of human capital in both entrepreneurial work and entrepreneurial intent. The major result of this analysis is the moderating effect of the context on the predictive variables in defining employees' entrepreneurial work and defining entrepreneurial intent.

Keywords: entrepreneurial work; entrepreneurial intention; MENA region; human capital; education; entrepreneurial competencies; comparative study; Spain; Denmark; North Africa.

DOI: 10.1504/MJCCM.2020.112236

MENA Journal of Cross-Cultural Management, 2020 Vol.1 No.1, pp.42 - 62

Received: 30 Jun 2019
Accepted: 12 Jan 2020

Published online: 05 Jan 2021 *

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