Title: Health benefits of shifting from Bharat stage four to Bharat stage six

Authors: Rohan Pothumsetty; Nirmal Viswam; Mary Rani Thomas

Addresses: Department of Commerce and Finance, Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka 530068, India ' Department of Commerce and Finance, Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka 530068, India ' Department of Commerce and Finance, Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka 530068, India

Abstract: Bharat stage emission standards are the emission norms which are issued by the Indian government in order to control and regulate the emission and output of air pollutants. The Government of India has made it compulsory to introduce and implement the new Bharat stage six norms in India from 1st April 2020. This research paper emphasises on the health effects caused by the current Bharat stage four engines on human beings and how the introduction of Bharat stage six engine norms in India will reduce the overall vehicle exhaust emissions. It also talks about Bharat stage six contributions to improve the air quality for the betterment of public health. The main focuses are on the critical differences in the emission norms of both Bharat stage four and Bharat stage six and emphasise on the technical aspects of it.

Keywords: Bharat stage four; Bharat stage six; health effects; public health; vehicle emissions; pollutants; air pollution; internal combustion engines; environment; engine exhausts.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2020.112147

International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research, 2020 Vol.7 No.2, pp.77 - 91

Received: 19 Apr 2020
Accepted: 05 Jun 2020

Published online: 18 Dec 2020 *

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