Title: Effective entrepreneurial factors on employment and start-up businesses of the disabled

Authors: Younos Vakil Alroaia; Manjappa D. Hosamane; Mohammad Reza Sotoudeh

Addresses: Department of Management, Islamic Azad University (Semnan Branch), Semnan, Iran ' DOS in Economics and Co-operation, University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India ' Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran

Abstract: The aim of this study is to explain and codify the employment of the disabled people in State Welfare Organisation of Iran. The participants were people with disabilities under State Welfare Organisation of Iran. The sample consisted of 376 people by stratified sampling. Using the confirmatory factor analysis, dimensions and indices of each factor were confirmed. The FAHP has been used to determine the priority of elements. According to the findings of the SEM, five main factors, along with 24 sub-criteria, were approved as the effective factors in creating employment for the disabled. Standardised coefficients between variables of financial, personal, governmental, family, and job seeking factors were .46, .86, .55, .70 and .36, respectively, The result from FAHP shows that the financial index with the weight 0.259 has the highest rating and the job seeking index with 0.130 has the lowest rating. Although financial, individual, government, family, and job-seeking factors have a positive and significant effect on the tendency of the disabled for business, the belief factor indicates that there is no significant effect on the tendency of the disabled to business.

Keywords: disabilities; self-employment; employment; state welfare organisation; Iran.

DOI: 10.1504/WREMSD.2021.112072

World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2021 Vol.17 No.1, pp.38 - 55

Received: 18 Dec 2018
Accepted: 13 Oct 2019

Published online: 15 Dec 2020 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article