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Title: Downside risk of major crops in selected six regions in North Dakota

Authors: Bayarbat Badarch; Yong Shin Park

Addresses: Natural Resources Management, North Dakota State University, 804 10th St. S, A6, Fargo, ND 58103, USA ' Department of Marketing, Operations, and Analytics, Bill Munday School of Business, St. Edward's University, 3001 South Congress, Austin TX 78704, USA

Abstract: This paper investigates downside risk by utilising the value at risk (VaR) in the context of selected three different commodities, specifically corn, soybean, and hard red spring wheat (HRSW) in North Dakota (ND). This study finds that the downside risk of crop net return is significantly different in six different regions in ND. Growing corn in the North East region is estimated to has the highest risk, whereas the South Valley region has the lowest risk compared. Growing soybean in the North East region has the highest risk, whereas the South Valley region has the lowest risk. Lastly, growing HRS wheat in South Central has the highest financial risk, whereas the South Valley has the lowest risk. The highest risks are stem from the raising of corn and soybean in the production of the crop in the North East and raising the HRS wheat in South Central.

Keywords: stochastic dominance; value at risk; VaR; downside risk.

DOI: 10.1504/AJMSA.2020.111528

Asian Journal of Management Science and Applications, 2020 Vol.5 No.1, pp.75 - 91

Received: 11 May 2020
Accepted: 14 Jul 2020

Published online: 17 Nov 2020 *

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