Title: A review of non-invasive BCI devices

Authors: Veena N; Anitha N

Addresses: Information Science and Engineering, B.M.S. Institute of Technology and Management, Avalahalli, Yelahanka, Bangalore-560064, India ' Information Science and Engineering, East Point College of Engineering and Technology, Virgonagar (post), Bidarhalli, Bangalore-560049, India

Abstract: BCI provisions humans beings to control various devices with the help of brain waves. It is quite useful for the people who are totally paralysed from neuromuscular diseases such as spinal cord injury, brain stem stoke. BCI permits a muscular free channel for conveying the user intent into action which helps the people with motor disabilities to control their surroundings. Various non-invasive technologies like electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), etc. are available for capturing the brain signal. In this article, various non-invasive BCI devices are analysed and nature of signals captured by it are reported. We also explore the use of signals for diseases diagnosis, their features and availability of those devices in the market.

Keywords: electroencephalogram; EEG; magnetoencephalography; MEG; functional magnetic resonance imaging; fMRI; non-invasive; psychological; physiological diseases.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBET.2020.111471

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, 2020 Vol.34 No.3, pp.205 - 233

Received: 14 Sep 2017
Accepted: 20 Nov 2017

Published online: 30 Nov 2020 *

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