Authors: Martin Freedman; Ora Freedman; Jin Dong Park; A.J. Stagliano
Addresses: Towson University, 8000 York Rd., Towson, MD 21252, USA ' Stevenson University, 1525 Greenspring Valley Rd., Stevenson, MD 21153, USA ' Towson University, 8000 York Rd., Towson, MD 21252, USA ' Saint Joseph's University, 5600 City Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19131-1395, USA
Abstract: In attempting to achieve the goals of the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union agreed to reduce member countries' greenhouse gas emissions to 92% of their 1990 levels by the end of 2012. We assess here the carbon emissions for companies from those countries that were among the largest emitters of carbon in the EU. This evaluation includes emissions in 2008 and 2012 together with disclosures regarding environmental performance that these companies made in the two years. Upon analysing 141 companies from seven of the EU countries, we found that the firms that emitted the most carbon effluents in their home country and that voluntarily disclosed the greatest amount about their carbon emissions also were the ones that provided the most extensive disclosures concerning company environmental performance. These results appear to support legitimacy concepts as the basis for which voluntary reporting will be generated.
Keywords: carbon disclosure; carbon emissions; Kyoto Protocol; sustainability accounting; environmental accounting.
International Journal of Accounting and Finance, 2020 Vol.10 No.1, pp.1 - 23
Accepted: 13 Nov 2019
Published online: 16 Nov 2020 *