Title: Effectiveness of policies and programs in optimising tourism resource potentials in Indonesia: a research note

Authors: Novita Wulandari; Carunia Mulya Firdausy

Addresses: Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, The University of Tamansiswa Palembang, Jl. Taman Siswa No. 261, Kepandean Baru, Kec. Ilir Tim. I, City of Palembang, South Sumatra 30126, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Tarumanagara, Jl. Letjen S. Parman No. 1, Jakarta 11440, Indonesia; Centre For Economic Research, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Gatot Subroto No. 10, Jakarta 12710, Indonesia

Abstract: This study aims at analysing factors determining the effectiveness of policies and programs in optimising tourism resource potentials in Indonesia, by taking into account tourism resource potentials in Sarolangun Regency, the province of Jambi as a case study. Apart from the workshop, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussion (FGD), and distribution of questionnaires were also conducted to gather data in the fieldwork. Data collected using questionnaires were analysed by applying the statistical method of Multiple Regression analysis. The study found that to optimise tourism resource potentials effectively in Indonesia, both central and local governments need to give serious concern to provide facilities needed by business actors, compliance with components needed for well-implemented policy, and creating a conducive investment climate in tourist locations. The limitations of the study were discussed so caveats apply to interpret the findings from this study.

Keywords: tourism resource potentials; economic contribution; T&T competitive index; tourism policy; effectiveness of policy; business actors; investment; policy implementations; Indonesia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTP.2020.10033004

International Journal of Tourism Policy, 2020 Vol.10 No.2, pp.202 - 213

Received: 13 Nov 2019
Accepted: 11 Sep 2020

Published online: 19 Oct 2020 *

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