Title: The uSAP model: a ubiquitous observation protocol for improving teamwork skills, time management and accuracy in high fidelity simulation among nursing students

Authors: Nantakarn Maneejak; Pratchayapong Yasri

Addresses: Institute for Innovative Learning, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom 73170, Thailand; Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom 73170, Thailand ' Institute for Innovative Learning, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom 73170, Thailand

Abstract: High Fidelity Simulation (HFS) is a computerised manikin used by preclinical nursing students. This study develops a ubiquitous observation model, called uSAP, which concerns specific tasks of an observed role (S), full attention to a particular practice (A) and nursing procedures (P), all of which can be done ubiquitously (U). The effectiveness of this model is assessed among 98 nursing students who are divided into three groups: those using the uSAP model, those doing observation without a guideline and those without observation. Three aspects of performance are compared: teamwork ability, speed in completing HFS tasks and accuracy in administering nursing tasks related to five vital signs. Statistical analysis reveals that those using the uSAP model outperform their counterparts in all aspects. The interview results illustrate that the uSAP model helps nursing students learn from peers' mistakes, structure their ideas orderly, stay more focused and apprehend detailed actions effectively.

Keywords: high fidelity simulation; nursing education; uSAP model; ubiquitous observation; vital signs.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMLO.2020.110784

International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 2020 Vol.14 No.4, pp.478 - 491

Received: 24 Apr 2019
Accepted: 18 Aug 2019

Published online: 29 Oct 2020 *

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